Stain is a visually distressing condition that occurs on the skin surface over time. Let’s talk about What is stain treatment. Melanin is the pigment responsible for the color of our skin. Melanin collects in some parts of the skin and causes skin patches. Some of these spots are hereditary, while others grow as a result of the sun, environmental causes, or aging. With appropriate and consistent skin care, aesthetic (cosmetic) stain problems that cause dissatisfaction can be prevented. Many approaches have been shown to be beneficial in treating blemishes. With these techniques, it is possible to obtain a smoother and brighter skin. Melasma or sunspots usually appear in the 30s. These spots, which are more common in women, can also be problematic for men. It is often seen on both sides of the face symmetrically. One of the main causes of brown spots on the forehead, cheeks, nose and lips after sunbathing is the female hormone estrogen. Spotting can occur during the winter, although it is more common in the summer when the spots darken. Some causes of staining;
- Genetic predisposition,
- Old Age
- Hormone therapy under consideration
- Medicines (birth control pills, some antibiotic drugs and antidepressant drugs, etc.)
- Use of cosmetics without knowledge,
- Use of an unconscious peeling application at home,
- Also, it may cause the production of spots following skin infections.
How Does Skin Stain Occur?
Due to factors such as sun, aging, pregnancy, hormone therapy, birth control pills, more melanin is produced, which gives the skin its color. Melasma is the term used for brown skin patches on the forehead, upper lip and cheeks. Chloasma refers to spots that appear during pregnancy. Lentigo or regional spotting may occur as a result of aging and sun rays. Ephelids (freckles), caused by hereditary factors, appear as small brown spots on the cheeks. The stain problem is especially evident on the hands, face, neck and décolleté, which are most exposed to the sun and chemicals.
What Should Be Done to Prevent Sunspot?
How does skin stains pass, what measures should be taken to prevent it? In response to these, you can consider the following situations;
- The patient should apply sunscreen cream in summer and winter months. At the beach or picnic, the protective factor should be at least 30 and should be renewed every 2 hours, especially in summer.
- When trying to tan in the sun or in a solarium, extreme care should be taken to avoid uncontrollable skin burns.
- Sun tanning should be avoided as it can cause blemishes and skin cancer.
- Wet wipes, hair lightening cream, deodorant, perfume, cologne and alcoholic tonics should not be used on sun-exposed areas before going out into the sun.
- The skin should be protected from the sun after waxing, laser epilation, skin care, peeling and other procedures.
- Acne and acne scars should be treated with care and sunscreen should be used.
- It is very important to protect yourself from the sun when you are pregnant. Hormonal changes can cause an increase in stain production.
When Is Spot Treatment Performed?
Winter months are ideal for the treatment of all kinds of stains caused by birth, age and environmental factors. The fresher the stains, the greater the response from the stain. A patient with defects must be extremely conscious. He should always be careful and protect his skin in case the stain reappears.
How to Treat Stains?
A dermatologist should evaluate the etiology of the spot and eliminate the triggering factors before treating the spot. If the skin has problems such as burning, redness or itching, spot treatment can begin after the skin has been treated and healed. The procedures applied to the person may differ according to the skin structure and the condition of the stain. These processes include chemical peeling, PRP, mesotherapy and laser systems.
It can be used together, as a single approach is often insufficient for treatments. Spot treatment sunscreens and antioxidant supplements can also be used to enhance these treatments. The procedures performed result in healing and the stain is removed, but there is always a chance of it returning as the stain problem is similar to chronic conditions.
When Is Spot Treatment Performed?
Laser applications and aggressive techniques, which have an intense effect on the lower skin, should not be used in summer as they increase pigment synthesis and cause skin spots to protect the skin from the harmful effects of sunlight. It is used in autumn and winter when the sun is less.
What are Spot Treatments?
Mesotherapy Spot Treatment
Mesotherapy is a therapeutic approach that uses small needles to inject spot lightening and antioxidant chemicals under the skin. It is very important to strengthen and improve the skin texture to prevent the reappearance of the blemish. Specific mesotherapy products containing vitamins, amino acids and hyaluronic acid are used as follow-up therapy.
PRP Treatment for Stains
It is a treatment that consists of injecting the platelet-rich plasma component, which is made from the patient’s own blood and given to the area to be treated by blood circulation and microinjection. Platelets are blood components that contain growth factors. Thanks to these growth factors, PRP renews the skin, and the restored skin is brightened and revitalized.
Chemical Peeling for Stain Removal
The chemical peeling process gently lifts the top layer of the skin and prevents the formation of pigment in the pigment-producing cells. It also supports the production of collagen, which causes cell regeneration. Works well on surface stains.
What Happens After Laser Spot Treatment?
In the treatment of melasma, there is no redness after applying Q Switched laser spot treatment. This application is absolutely painless, but also rejuvenates the skin. The 1064 nm wavelength of this laser does not cause peeling, burning, crusting or redness. The 532 nm wavelength of the Q Switched laser is used to treat freckles, sunspots and age spots. A slight burning sensation is noticeable in this scenario. There is redness for the first three days, then a very light crust forms and after a week the crust is completely removed. The discoloration in the lower part disappears completely. If fractional laser spot treatment is used, the skin becomes slightly hot and red for a few hours after treatment and normally stays red for 24 hours. Following this, there will be crusting, which will pass for 3 to 4 days. Some spots on your skin may darken, especially after treatment with ineffective lasers. This scenario can last for 12 weeks or be permanent. Skin color may darken or lighten 12 months after spot treatment. The treated area should be carefully protected from the sun until the effect of laser therapy wears off and your skin color returns to normal. Following Q Switched 532 nm and fractional laser treatment, gently cleaning the skin with a cleanser and using an epithelial cream will speed up the healing process. If you notice any unusual redness, discomfort, or swelling, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Blemish Removal Using Blemish Lightening Creams
Spot lightening treatments work by inhibiting the formation of melanin in cells. The most important point to be considered by those who want to use spot lightening cream for sunspot or spot treatment is not to apply any treatment without examining their skin. Using unsuitable skin care products, laser and chemical peeling procedures not performed by dermatologists can cause additional blemishes. To prevent all these, you can get the opinion of our experts in our Yoo Retouch clinic.
Laser Methods in Spot Treatment
Laser treatments can damage the color pigments or peel the skin. Fractional lasers are used successfully and effectively in spot therapy. The area to be treated with laser spot treatment must not be tanned by the sun or tanning chemicals. Tanned skin can absorb laser beams, causing discomfort or blistering. Laser technologies such as fractional CO2 laser, IPL, Q-switched Nd:yag, KTP laser are used in stain treatment.
How Are Spot Treatment Prices?
When going into laser spot treatment, it is vital to first determine the type of spot. Each stain has its own characteristics and the number of sessions required will vary. Spot treatment prices vary according to the number of sessions. In this case, laser spot treatment will have an impact on pricing. While some stains can be removed in a single session, some require 5 or more sessions. As a result, stain pricing, which requires multiple sessions, takes this into account.